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一流の大人(ビジネスマン、政治家、リーダー…)として知っておきたい、教養・社会動向を意外なところから取り上げ学ぶことで“気付く力”を伸ばすブログです。目下、データ分析・語学に力点を置いています。

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今日の英語(20221203)

 今日勉強した英語の中で間違えたことや調べたことをメモしておく。

英文解釈

 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

PP. 139-40の意味上の主語について*1

  He was anxious for his sister and George to get married.
  彼は妹とジョージが結婚するのを望んでいる。
  Rugger is more complicated for onlookers to follow than soccer.
  サッカーよりラガーの方が見ている方にしては理解しにくい。
  There are a great many stars in the sky which are too far away from the earth for any instrument to detect.
  地球からあまりに離れているため、どのような器具を用いてもその存在を知ることができない星が多数ある。



8.1 例題(1)   Most American parents dislike accepting the responsibility of restricting their children's pleasure and amusement; and there is a very great tendency for the parent first approached to put the burden of decision on the other.

  Most American parents dislike accepting the responsibility of restricting their children's pleasure and amusement;
  米国人の親は大半が自分の子供の喜びや楽しみを制限する責任を受け入れることを嫌う。
  and there is a very great tendency for the parent first approached to put the burden of decision on the other.
  子供に最初に頼まれた親は、決定を下すという厄介を配偶者に押し付ける傾向が非常に強い。

辞書を引いた語彙

単語

語彙
発音

記号
意味・内容
調べた理由
anxious about something

anxious for somebody
[ˈæŋkʃəs] feeling worried or nervous 意味
anxious to do something [ˈæŋkʃəs] wanting something very much 意味
onlooker [ˈɒnlʊkə(r)] a person who watches something that is happening but is not involved in it 意味
detect [dɪˈtekt] detect something to discover or notice something, especially something that is not easy to see, hear, etc. 意味
burden [ˈbɜːdn] 1. a duty, responsibility, etc. that causes worry, difficulty or hard work

2. (formal) a heavy load that is difficult to carry
意味
outwardly [ˈaʊtwədli] on the surface; in appearance 意味
mourn [mɔːn] to feel and show that you are sad because somebody has died; to feel sad because something no longer exists or is no longer the same 意味
meek [miːk] 1. quiet, gentle, and always ready to do what other people want without expressing your own opinion

2. the meek noun [plural] people who are meek
意味
inherit [ɪnˈherɪt] 1. [transitive, intransitive] to receive money, property, etc. from somebody when they die

2. [transitive] to have qualities, physical features, etc. that are similar to those of your parents, grandparents, etc.

3. [transitive] inherit something (from somebody) if you inherit a particular situation from somebody, you are now responsible for dealing with it, especially because you have replaced that person in their job
意味
righteousness [ˈraɪtʃəsnəs] 1. behaviour that is morally right or good, especially according to a religion

2. the feeling that what you are doing is morally acceptable or fair
意味
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