「大人の教養・知識・気付き」を伸ばすブログ

一流の大人(ビジネスマン、政治家、リーダー…)として知っておきたい、教養・社会動向を意外なところから取り上げ学ぶことで“気付く力”を伸ばすブログです。目下、データ分析・語学に力点を置いています。今月(2022年10月)からは多忙につき、日々の投稿数を減らします。

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今日の英語(20221028)

 今日勉強した英語の中で間違えたことや調べたことをメモしておく。

コロケーション

 今回は古沢寛行・小宮山浩光・レコード,カービィ(2004)「コロケーション徹底演習II」(泰文堂)PP. 63-66を参照。


 今回、間違えたのは以下の表現:

  354. Muhammad Ali refused to join the American Army as a conscientious objector to the Viet Nam War.
    モハメド・アリは、ベトナム戦争に対する良心的参戦拒否者として米国陸軍に入隊することを拒否した。
  356. Volcanoes are created by powerful forces at work beneath the earth's surface, where molten rock, or lava, is being forced upwards until it breaks through the earth's crust in an eruption.
    火山は地表面の下で働く強力な力により作られる。この地表面下では、溶けた岩石、つまり溶岩が噴火で地層を突き破って出てくるまで上方に押し上げられていく。
  359. Precautions should be taken to protect visitors to many tropical countries from diseases like malaria and dengue fever.
    熱帯の国々を訪れる多くの者をマラリアデング熱のような病気から守る予防策が講じられるべきである。
  360. School officials and medical personnel are concerned that the levels of physical fitness of American youth are substantially below par.
    学校の役員や医療関係者は、米国の若者の健康状態の水準が標準を大幅に下回っていると心配している。
  361. A very unlikely craze of the 1950s and 1960s was the hoola hoop, which made its inventor a millionaire.
    1950年代および1960年代の誠に信じがたい大流行はフラフープであった。これで、その発明者は百万長者になった。
  364. My father went into the hospital for a routine operation, but complications made his recovery much more difficult than anyone expected.
    私の父は決まりきった手術のため入院したが、合併症で回復が思ったよりも困難になった。
  365. In the last stage of a trial, both the defense and the prosecutor are allowed to make a summation to the jury.
    裁判の最終段階では、弁護側も検察も陪審員に対し最終弁論が許される。
  366. When we ran out of money so far from home we had no recourse but to find temporary jobs.
    故郷から遠く離れて金が無くなったとき、我々は一時的な仕事を探す以外頼る術がなかった。
  370. Just as it appeared that medical science was on the verge of finding a cure for AIDS, we discovered that the virus is more complex than we realized.
    まさに医学がAIDSの治療法を発見しかかっているかに見えたとき、そのウィルスは我々が知る以上に複雑なものであることが分かった。
  373. More and more Japanese baseball players are gaining the distinction of becoming big stars in the Major League.
    ますます多くの日本人野球選手がメジャーリーグでスター選手として名声を得ている。
  374. Slowly but surely, conventional means of communication, like letters, are giving way to the Internet and communication through e-mail and voice mail.
    ゆっくりと、しかし確実に、手紙のような従来の通信手段はインターネットそしてeメールやボイスメールを使った通信に場を譲りつつある。

英文解釈

 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

P. 82の倒置形について*1


5.1 例題(2)   The Japanese love of flowers is equaled by their love of poetry and painting. Not until one has seen the inside of a Japanese home, we are told, can one realize how important art is to them. Their simple homes are arranged beautifully. All those who can afford it try to win prints of famous paintings.

  The Japanese love of flowers is equaled by their love of poetry and painting.
  日本人の花に対する愛に匹敵するものに、詩や絵画に対する愛がある。
  Not until one has seen the inside of a Japanese home, we are told, can one realize how important art is to them.
  日本人の家屋の中を見て初めて、芸術が日本人にとっていかに重要かを分かることができると言われている。
  Their simple homes are arranged beautifully.
  日本人の質素な家は綺麗に整えられている。
  All those who can afford it try to win prints of famous paintings.
  名画の複製を手に入れられる人は皆そうしようとする。

辞書を引いた語彙

 辞書は

またはを引いています。

単語

語彙
発音

記号
意味・内容
調べた理由
proliferation [prəˌlɪfəˈreɪʃn] the sudden increase in the number or amount of something; a large number of a particular thing 意味
conscientious [ˌkɒnʃiˈenʃəs] taking care to do things carefully and correctly 意味
crust [krʌst] 1. the hard outer surface of bread

2. a layer of pastry, especially on top of a pie

3. the outer layer of rock that forms the surface of the earth or another planet

4. a hard layer or surface, especially above or around something soft or liquid
意味
convent [ˈkɒnvənt] 1. a building in which a Christian community of nuns (= members of a female religious community) live together

2. (also convent school) a school run by nuns
意味
precondition [ˌpriːkənˈdɪʃn] precondition (for/of something) something that must happen or exist before something else can exist or be done 意味
precaution [prɪˈkɔːʃn] 1. precaution (against something) something that is done in advance in order to prevent problems or to avoid danger

2. precautions [plural] a way of referring to contraception
意味
precondition [ˌpriːkənˈdɪʃn] precondition (for/of something) something that must happen or exist before something else can exist or be done 意味
insanity [ɪnˈsænəti] 1. [uncountable] (formal, law or old-fashioned, often offensive) the state of being insane

2. [uncountable] (also insanities [plural]) actions that are very stupid and possibly dangerous
意味
complication [ˌkɒmplɪˈkeɪʃn] 1. [countable, uncountable] a thing that makes a situation more complicated or difficult

2. [countable, usually plural] (medical) a new problem or illness that makes treatment of a previous one more complicated or difficult
意味
complexity [kəmˈpleksəti] 1. [uncountable] the state of being formed of many parts; the state of being difficult to understand

2. complexities [plural] the features of a problem or situation that are difficult to understand
意味
complexion [kəmˈplekʃn] 1. the natural colour and condition of the skin on a person’s face

2. [usually singular] the general character of something
意味
formality [fɔːˈmæləti] 1. [countable, usually plural] a thing that you must do as a formal or official part of a legal process, a social situation, etc.

2. [countable, usually singular] a thing that you must do as part of an official process, but that has little meaning and will not affect what happens

3. [uncountable] correct and formal behaviour
意味
fringe [frɪndʒ] 1. [countable, usually singular] (British English)(North American English bangs [plural]) the front part of somebody’s hair that is cut so that it hangs over their forehead

2. [countable] a narrow border of hanging threads attached to the edge of something to decorate it

3. [countable] a narrow area of trees, buildings, etc. along the edge of something

4. [countable] the outer edge of an area or a group

5. [singular](usually the fringe) groups of people, events and activities that are not part of the main group or activity
意味
bald [bɔːld] 1. having little or no hair on the head

2. without any of the usual hair, marks, etc. covering the skin or surface of something

3. without any extra explanation or detail to help you understand or accept what is being said
意味
discrimination [dɪˌskrɪmɪˈneɪʃn] 1. [uncountable] the practice of treating somebody or a particular group in society less fairly than others

2. [uncountable] (approving) the ability to judge what is good, true, etc.

3. (formal) [uncountable, countable] the ability to recognize a difference between one thing and another; a difference that is recognized
意味
transmission [trænzˈmɪʃn] 1. [uncountable] the act or process of passing something from one person, place or thing to another

2. [uncountable] the act or process of sending out an electronic signal or message or of broadcasting a radio or television programme

3. [countable] a radio or television message or broadcast

4. [uncountable, countable] the system in a vehicle by which power is passed from the engine to the wheels
意味
formality [fɔːˈmæləti] 1. [countable, usually plural] a thing that you must do as a formal or official part of a legal process, a social situation, etc.

2. [countable, usually singular] a thing that you must do as part of an official process, but that has little meaning and will not affect what happens

3. [uncountable] correct and formal behaviour
意味
formalization [ˌfɔːməlaɪˈzeɪʃn] 1. the act of making an arrangement, a plan or a relationship official

2. the act of giving something a fixed structure or form by introducing rules
意味
formation [fɔːˈmeɪʃn] 1. [uncountable] the action of forming something; the process of being formed

2. [countable] a thing that has been formed, especially in a particular place or in a particular way

3. [uncountable, countable] a particular arrangement or pattern
意味

protester, objectorの違い

protester a person who makes a public protest
objector objector (to something) a person who objects to something
protest the expression of strong dislike of or opposition to something; a statement or an action that shows this
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