「大人の教養・知識・気付き」を伸ばすブログ

一流の大人(ビジネスマン、政治家、リーダー…)として知っておきたい、教養・社会動向を意外なところから取り上げ学ぶことで“気付く力”を伸ばすブログです。目下、データ分析・語学に力点を置いています。今月(2022年10月)からは多忙につき、日々の投稿数を減らします。

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今日の英語(20221020)

 今日勉強した英語の中で間違えたことや調べたことをメモしておく。

コロケーション

 今回は古沢寛行・小宮山浩光・レコード,カービィ(2004)「コロケーション徹底演習II」(泰文堂)PP. 31-34を参照。


 今回、間違えたのは以下の表現:

  151. Only as a favour to the President, the Secretary of State may agree to delay his retirement and serve another term.
    単に大統領への好意として、国務長官は退職を延期し、もう1期務めることに同意するかもしれない。
  152. For shorter flights, I prefer a seat next to the window, but for longer flights I always request an aisle seat.
    私は短時間の飛行機便だと窓近くの座席が好きだが、長時間の便だといつも通路側の座席を求める。
  154. The Japanese are now undertaking a slow but fundamental reform of the nation's educational institutions.
    日本国民は、国の様々な教育機関のゆっくりだが、根本的な改革に今着手しつつある。
  157. Teh so-called Green Revolution, which enhanced the capacity of farmers to grow various kinds of grain, has brought some relief to regions of the world regularly struck by famine.
    いわゆる緑の革命は、多種類の穀物を育てる納付の能力を高めて、世界の定期的に飢餓に見舞われる地域に、ある程度の救いをもたらした。
  162. After the death of his wife, the old man decided to enter a monastery where he could spend his time in quiet contemplation.
    妻の死後、老人は静かに瞑想しながら時を過ごせる修道院に入ろうと心に決めた。
  165. The expedition was set to embark tomorrow for the North Pole by sea, but the weather was inclement and unpredictable.
    探検隊は海路で北極に向け明日乗り出すこととなったが、天候は荒れ模様で予測が付かなかった。
  170. The Senator appeared to be an urbane and sophisticated man until he opened his mouth and betrayed his ignorance.
    その上院議員は、口を開いて自分の無知を露呈するまで、洗練された教養のある人物に見えた。
  171. No one took the rumour seriously that the neighbourhood was haunted until it became known that it had been built over more than one-hundred graves in an ancient burial ground of Native Americans.
    その付近一帯が米国原住民の古い埋葬地の百を超える墓の上に建てられたということが判明するまで、そこに幽霊が出るという噂を本気にする者は誰もいなかった。

英文解釈

 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

PP. 67-までで\mathrm{what}の用法について*1


4.2 例題(2)   In matters of science, we must learn to ask the right questions. It seemed an obvious question to ask how animals inherit the result of their parents' experience, and enormous amounts of time and energy have been spent on trying to give answer to it. It is, however, no good asking the question, for the simple reason that no such inheritance of acquired characters exists.
   When we come to what are usually referred to as fundamental truths, the difficulty of not asking the wrong kind of question is much increased. Indeed, the life of the less civilised half of mankind is largely based on trying to find an answer to a wrong question. "What magical forces or powers are responsible for good or bad fortune?"

  In matters of science, we must learn to ask the right questions.
  科学上の問題について、適切な質問をすることを学ばなければならない。
  It seemed an obvious question to ask how animals inherit the result of their parents' experience, and enormous amounts of time and energy have been spent on trying to give answer to it.
  獲得形質の遺伝が動物の場合にどのように現れるのかを問うのは、かつては至極当然の質問だと考えられ、膨大な量の時間と精力を掛けてそうした問題へ解答を与えようとしてきた。
  It is, however, no good asking the question, for the simple reason that no such inheritance of acquired characters exists.
  しかし、そのような問いかけは無益である。その理由は簡単で獲得形質の遺伝そのものが元々存在しないからである。
  When we come to what are usually referred to as fundamental truths, the difficulty of not asking the wrong kind of question is much increased.
  普段、根本的な事実と呼ばれているものに及ぶと、不適切な質問をしないことの難しさがとたんに増す。
  Indeed, the life of the less civilised half of mankind is largely based on trying to find an answer to a wrong question, "What magical forces or powers are responsible for good or bad fortune?"
  それどころか、人類のうち文明の進んでいないうちの半分の生活は、その大部分が「どのような魔力が幸運または不運の原因になるのか」という答えの無い質問への答えを探そうとすることに基づいている。

辞書を引いた語彙

 辞書は

またはを引いています。

単語

語彙
発音

記号
意味・内容
調べた理由
aisle [aɪl] a passage between rows of seats in a church, theatre, train, etc., or between rows of shelves in a supermarket 意味
pre-eminence [ˌpriː ˈemɪnəns] the quality of being more important, more successful or of a higher standard than others 意味
monastery [ˈmɒnəstri] a building in which monks (= members of a male religious community) live together 意味
contemplation [kɒntəmˈpleɪʃn] 1. the act of thinking deeply about something

2. the act of looking at something in a calm and careful way
意味
conjecture [kənˈdʒektʃə(r)] 1. [countable] an opinion or idea that is not based on definite knowledge and is formed by guessing

2. [uncountable] the act of forming an opinion or idea that is not based on definite knowledge
意味
famine [ˈfæmɪn] a lack of food during a long period of time in a region 発音
antiquity [ænˈtɪkwəti] [uncountable] the ancient past, especially the times of the Greeks and Romans

2. [uncountable] the state of being very old or ancient
意味
controversy [ˈkɒntrəvɜːsi] controversy (over/about/surrounding somebody/something) public discussion and argument about something that many people strongly disagree about, think is bad, or are shocked by 意味
inclement [ɪnˈklemənt] (of the weather) not pleasant; cold, wet, etc. 意味
urbane [ɜːˈbeɪn] (especially of a man) good at knowing what to say and how to behave in social situations; appearing relaxed and confident 意味
discernible [dɪˈsɜːnəbl] 1. that can be recognized or understood

2. that can be seen or heard, but not very clearly
意味
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