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一流の大人(ビジネスマン、政治家、リーダー…)として知っておきたい、教養・社会動向を意外なところから取り上げ学ぶことで“気付く力”を伸ばすブログです。目下、データ分析・語学に力点を置いています。

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今日の英語(20220827)

 今日勉強した英語の中で間違えたことや調べたことをメモしておく。

コロケーション

 今回は古沢寛行・小宮山浩光・レコード,カービィ(2004)「コロケーション徹底演習I」(泰文堂)PP.55-58を参照。

 今回、間違えたのは以下の表現:

  327. Fearing they would not survive their ordeal at sea, many of the offices on the ship wrote their last wills and testaments.
  海上での過酷な試練に耐え抜くことができないのではないかと恐れをなし、士官の多くは遺書を書き残した。
  329. Try not to incur the anger of the boss, since he is known for his spiteful and punitive nature.
  その上司の怒りを買わないようにしなさい。なぜならば彼は意地悪で応報主義者で知られているからである。
  330. A mountain range on one side and the sea on the other formed natural boundaries for the fledgling nation state.
  片側は山脈、もう片側が海という状況が、建国したばかりの国民国家にとって自然の境界線を作り上げていた。
  331. Learning the correct way to conduct himself at public functions was the biggest challenge for the young political figure during his first year of office.
  公的な催しでの正しい振る舞い方を学ぶことは、就任1年目の若い政治家にとって最も大きな困難であった。
  334. Pouring himself another stiff drink, he took a deep breath and tried his best to compose himself.
  もう一杯強い酒を注ぐと、彼は深く息をし、気を静めようと精一杯頑張った。
  335. The slogan posted in the rear view mirror of the car said, "Honk, if you like Bill Clinton."
  その車のバックミラーに貼ってあるスローガンは「ビル・クリントンが好きならば警笛を鳴らせ」というものだった。
  341. In order to clear up debts incurred over three years of medical treatment, we had to sell our deceased father's estate in its entirety.
  3年以上にわたる医療で負った借金を片付けるため。私たちは亡き父の屋敷をそっくりそのまま売却しなければならなかった。
  342 After several months of intense media criticism, the President came forward to retract his former statements.
  メディアの集中的な非難を数か月浴びた後、大統領は自身の前言を進んで撤回した。
  343. After the severe drought which had threatened crops throughout the nation, every dark cloud seemed to promise rain.
  国中に渡って作物のことを心配させた旱魃の後は真っ黒な雲すべてが雨の予感をもたらした。
  344. She marched into the meeting in the middle, without even excusing herself for arriving late.
  彼女は遅れてきたいい訳さえもせずに、会議の最中に堂々と乗り込んできた。
  347. The bartender greeted the customer with his usual banter: "What will you have? Beer, whiskey, bourbon or whaever. Just name your poison."
  そのバーテンダーはいつもの冗談で客に挨拶をした。「何にしますか。ビール、ウィスキー、バーボン、その他何でも。ちょっと酒の名前を挙げてください。」
  348. He continued to swear in a loud voice, disregarding the appalled expression of everyone in the room.
  彼は大きな声で悪態を付くのを止めなかった。部屋の中にいた全員の面喰ったよう表情を無視して。

英文解釈

 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

PP.17-20まで*1


2.1 例題  The civilization of the Epytians is one of the oldest civilization on the earth. The people lived on the banks of the Nile and the small strip of fertile country on either side. This fertile land they cultivated, and grew there a great many crops of much the same kind that we grow nowadays. Besides food crops they also grew flax, and, from the thread spun from this, they wove themselves linen garments and dyed them many beautiful colours from dyes which they learned to make.

  The civilization of the Egyptians is one of the oldest civilization on the earth.
  エジプト人の文明は地球上でもっとも古い文明の一つである。
  The people lived on the banks of the Nile and the small strip of fertile country on either side.
  エジプト人ナイル川の堆および両岸の狭く肥沃な地帯に住んでいた。
  This fertile land they cultivated, and grew there a great many crops of much the same kind that we grow nowadays.
  彼らはこの肥沃な土地を耕し、そこで我々が現在育てているのと全くもって同種の作物を多量に育てた。
  Besides food crops they also grew flax, and, from the thread spun from this, they wove themselves linen garments and dyed them many beautiful colours from dyes which they learned to make.
  食糧作物に加え亜麻も同様に育て、これから紡いだ糸を用いてリネンの衣服を自分で着るために織って、作れるようになった染料を用いて様々な美しい色に染めた。

辞書を引いた語彙

 辞書は

またはを引いています。

単語

 
語彙
発音

記号
意味・内容
調べた理由
  fledg(e)ling 1. a young bird that has just learnt to fly

2. a person, an organization or a system that is new and without experience
意味
  exaggerate to make sth seem larger, better, worse or more important than it really is 意味
  incur 1. if you incur sth unpleasant, you are in a situation in which you have to deal with it

2. Iif you incur costs, you have to pay them
意味
  dispell to make sth, especially a feeling or belief, go away or disappear 意味
  compell (formal) 1. to force sb to do sth; to make sth necessary

2.(not used in the progressive tenses) to cause a particular reaction
意味
  stiff 1. firm and difficult to bend or move

2. when a person is stiff, their muscles hurt when they move them

3. thick and almost solid

4. more difficult or severe than usual

5. not friendly or relaxed

6.(informal)costing a lot or too much

7.strong; containing a lot of alcohol
意味
  intense 1. very great

2. serious and often involving a lot of action in a short period of time

3. having or showing very strong feelings
意味
  burgle/burglarize to enter a building illegally, usually using force, and steal from it 意味
  penetrate 1. to go into or through

2. to succeed in entering or joining an organization, a group, etc. especially when this is difficult to do
意味
  banter friendly remarks and jokes 意味
  poison (informal)alcoholic drink 意味(*OALDに記載なし)
  What's your poison? (informal)used to ask sb what alcoholic drink they would like 参考
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