「大人の教養・知識・気付き」を伸ばすブログ

一流の大人(ビジネスマン、政治家、リーダー…)として知っておきたい、教養・社会動向を意外なところから取り上げ学ぶことで“気付く力”を伸ばすブログです。目下、データ分析・語学に力点を置いています。

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今日の英語(20220826)

 今日勉強した英語の中で間違えたことや調べたことをメモしておく。

コロケーション

 今回は古沢寛行・小宮山浩光・レコード,カービィ(2004)「コロケーション徹底演習I」(泰文堂)PP.51-54を参照。

 今回、間違えたのは以下の表現:

  302. At first we were happy to hear we had inherited a house, but we saw its condition ― broken windows and paint coming off ― we had second thoughts about the cost of making it livable.
    最初は家を相続できたと聞いたとき私たちは喜んだが、その状態―割れた窓、剥がれ落ちている塗装―を見てみると、住めるようにするための費用について考え直すことになった。
  304. Nearly every month she decides to throw a big party for her friends. I don't know how she gets the money or the time.
    ほぼ毎月のように彼女は友達のために大きなパーティを開くことにしている。どうやってその資金と時間を得るのか私には分からない。
  307. When he broke down at our final official meeting, we finally understood that he was emotionally disturbed and needed professional help.
    彼が我々の最後の公式ミーティングで泣き崩れたときに、ついに我々は、彼が情緒不安定になっていて専門家の助けが必要であるということが分かった。
  314. When preparations for war got under way, the unemployment in the United States came to an abrupt end.
    戦争の準備が始まったとき、合衆国の失業は突然なくなった。
  316. He was a jack-of-all-traders, who tried his hand at many professions but never really settled on one.
    彼は万事屋で、いろいろな職業に手を出してみるが1つに落ち着いたことは決して無かった。
  317. We are all happy to see that Mary will get the promotion she so richly deserves.
    私たちはみなメアリーが充分に彼女に値する昇進をすることが分かって嬉しい。

英文解釈

 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

PP.12-16まで*1


1.4 例題(1)    To learn to read Dante in the original may or may not be worth the effort ―that depends. To be able to address, and to understand, a French professor at the Sorbonne may be of the utmost moment ―that depends. But to say that no one can call himself educated without learning a foreign language is not true.

  To learn to read Dante in the original may or may not be worth the effort ―that depends.
  ダンテを原書で読むことは努力する価値のあることかもしれないし、そうでないかもしれない。それは状況次第である。
  To be able to address, and to understand, a French professor at the Sorbonne may be of the utmost moment ―that depends.
  ソルボンヌ大学のフランス人教師とやり取りできることは極めて重要かもしれないが、それは状況次第である。
  But to say that no one can call himself educated without learning a foreign language is not true.
  しかし外国語を学んで初めて教養があると自称できるというのは正しいとはいえない。



1.4 例題(2)    Whether either the material or the intellectual changes in the past half century produced comparable changes in the American character is difficult to determine. The forces that create a national character are as obscure as those that create an individual character, but that both are formed early and change relatively little is almost certain.

  Whether either the material or the intellectual changes in the past half century produced comparable changes in the American character is difficult to determine.
  過去半世紀における物質的もしくは知的な変化のどちらが米国人の性格に同程度の変化を与えたかは決定づけるのが難しい。
  The forces that create a national character are as obscure as those that create an individual character, but that both are formed early and change relatively little is almost certain.
  国民性を創り上げる力は個人の性格を創り上げるものと同程度に分かりにくいものである。しかしいずれとも早期に形作られ比較的わずかしか変化していないことはほぼ確かだ。

辞書を引いた語彙

 辞書は

またはを引いています。

単語

 
語彙
発音

記号
意味・内容
調べた理由
  that depends used to say that you are not certain about sth because other things have to be considered. 意味
  utmost [ˈʌtməʊst] greatest 意味
  of moment very important 意味
  bemoan [bɪˈməʊn] (formal)to complain or say that you are not happy about sth 意味
  outwit to defeat sb/sth or gain an advantage over them by doing sth clever 意味
  patriarch 1. the male head of a family or community

2. an old man that people have a lot of respect for

3. the title of a most senior BISHOP
意味
  jack-of-all-trades a person who can do many different types of work, but who perhaps does not do them very well 意味
  settle on to fall from above and come to rest on sth 意味
  sporadically happening only occasionally or at intervals that are not regular 意味
  outright 1. complete and total

2. open
意味
  abrupt 1. sudden and unexpected, often in an unpleasant way

2. speaking or acting in a way that seems unfriendly and rude
意味
  get under way=

be under way
用法

importance/importantのシソーラス

of momentつながりで

  • importance
importance the quality of being important and having an effect on people or things
significance (rather formal, especially written) the importance of sth, especially when this has an effect on what happens in the future
urgency (rather formal) the need to deal with sth immediately
seriousness the need to treat sth as important, especially because there is cause for worry
consequence (formal)importance
substance (formal, especially written) important information, evidence or work
gravity (formal) seriousness
  • important
important having a great effect on people or things; of great value
significant large or important enough to have an effect or be noticed
big (informal, especially journalism or business)important or serious
great important and impressive
notable (rather formal)deserving to be noticed or to receive attention because it is unusual, important or interesting
momentous very important or serious, especially because there may be important results
grave very serious and important; giving you a reason to feel worried

※importantとsignificant
 Important is the more general of these words. Things that are significant are important within a particular context or from a particular point of view. Significant is often used when sb wants to suggest that the level of importance of sth has been measured in some way.

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