一流の大人(ビジネスマン、政治家、リーダー…)として知っておきたい、教養・社会動向を意外なところから取り上げ学ぶことで“気付く力”を伸ばすブログです。データ分析・語学に力点を置いています。 →現在、コンサルタントの雛になるべく、少しずつ勉強中です(※2024年1月21日改訂)。





 今回は古沢寛行・小宮山浩光・レコード,カービィ(2004)「コロケーション徹底演習II」(泰文堂)PP. 138-41を参照。


  826. Self-made men are those who started life with almost nothing, and became successful despite having none of the advantages of wealth or high social status.
  827. Treating someone badly only for reasons of race, religion or ethnicity is an act of blatant discrimination.
  830. Although he was well-dressed and carefully groomed, he was living a transient life, moving from hotel to hotel, and country to country on his father's inheritance.
  831. The matador, waving his red flag, turned toward the bull, which was snorting and pawing the ground.
  832. The bronco bucked and lurched to the right and then to the left, in a frantic attempt to throw his rider.
  833. Lieutenant Colombo examined the crime scene carefully. It was not long before he found the telltale evidence he was looking for. He now knew the identity of the culprit but the problem was how to prove it.
  835. The general spoke to his troops with unfailing confidence that their mission could succeed.
  837. When rescue workers arrived on the scene of the accident, they did their best, but their activities lacked coordination and were even rather disjointed .
  838. As the leaders of the marathon entered the stadium, a tumultuous shout arose from the crowd.
  839. Along the Atlantic coast there are many nice beaches, with shallow water and fine-grained sand, but further north, the shoreline is filled with jagged rocks and the sand on the shore is far too coarse for a nice beach.
  841. The farmer knew immediately what had been attacking his chickens when he spotted the bushy tail of a red fox.
  842. The professor made it clear on the first day of class that he would demand perfect attendance and extensive reading in order for students to pass his course.
  843. After miles of barren desert we came to a valley, luxuriant with green foliage and wild flowers in full bloom.
  844. The teacher was appalled to find one of her fifth grade boys hiding a dirty book under his textbook during her lecture.
  845. Regardless of many government measures to stimulate the Japanese economy after the bubble burst, the Japanese tax payer simply does not find the present economic environment conducive to spending.
  846. When the Bush Administration decided to seek help from the United Nations in rebuilding Iraq, it was tantamount to admitting its policy has failed.
  847. In the small Indiana city of Madison, one can find the Lanier Home, one of the finest period homes of the mid-nineteenth century in Indiana.
  849. The Wild West may have been crude and unforgiving, but it did produce some of the finest craftsmanship in the manufacturing of firearms.
  850. Scientists have long been interested in exploring the oceans, but this is a much more daunting task than most terrestrial explorations, which do not require special underwater equipment.


 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

P. 108の同格構文について*1

  Fairy tales can do for small children what myth and religious ceremonies did for primitive peoples - give their fears names to identify them with.
  We must consider the question whether we can afford such huge sums for armaments.
  Next comes the question what you want it for.






blatant [ˈbleɪtnt] (of actions that are considered bad) done in an obvious and open way without caring if people are shocked 意味

esoteric [ˌiːsəˈterɪk] likely to be understood or enjoyed by only a few people with a special knowledge or interest 意味

transient [ˈtrænziənt] 1. continuing for only a short time

2. staying or working in a place for only a short time, before moving on
snore [snɔː(r)] to breathe noisily through your nose and mouth while you are asleep 意味
snarl [snɑːl] 1. [intransitive] snarl (at somebody/something) (of dogs, etc.) to show the teeth and make a deep angry noise in the throat

2. [transitive, intransitive] to speak in a rough, low, angry voice
snort [snɔːt] 1. [intransitive, transitive] to make a loud sound by breathing air out noisily through your nose, especially to show that you are angry or think something is silly

2. [transitive] snort something to take drugs by breathing them in through the nose
lurch [lɜːtʃ] 1. [intransitive] (+ adv./prep.) to make a sudden, unsteady movement forward or to one side

2. [intransitive] if your heart or stomach lurches, you have a sudden feeling of fear or excitement
frantic [ˈfræntɪk] 1. ​done quickly and with a lot of activity, but in a way that is not very well organized

2. unable to control your emotions because you are extremely frightened or worried about something
prophetic [prəˈfetɪk] 1. correctly stating or showing what will happen in the future

2. like or connected with a prophet or prophets
eminent [ˈemɪnənt] 1. (of people) famous and respected, especially in a particular profession

2. (of good qualities) unusual; excellent
telltale [ˈtelteɪl] showing that something exists or has happened 意味
symmetrical [sɪˈmetrɪkl] (of a body, a design, an object, etc.) having two halves, parts or sides that are the same in size and shape 意味
syntactic [sɪnˈtæktɪk] connected with syntax 意味
synthetic [sɪnˈθetɪk] 1. artificial; made by combining chemical substances rather than being produced naturally by plants or animals

2. ​(linguistics) (of languages) using changes to the ends of words rather than separate words to show the functions of words in a sentence
dismantle [dɪsˈmæntl] 1. dismantle something to take apart a machine or structure so that it is in separate pieces

2. dismantle something to end an organization or a system gradually in an organized way
multitudinous [ˌmʌltɪˈtjuːdɪnəs] extremely large in number 意味
tumultuous [tjuːˈmʌltʃuəs] 1. very loud; involving strong feelings, especially feelings of approval

2. involving many difficulties and a lot of change and often violence
lascivious [ləˈsɪviəs] feeling or showing strong sexual desire 意味
vulgar [ˈvʌlɡə(r)] 1. not having or showing good taste; not polite, pleasant or well behaved

2. rude and likely to offend
coarse [kɔːs] 1. (of skin or cloth) rough

2. consisting of relatively large pieces

3. rude and offensive, especially about sex
bushy [ˈbʊʃi] 1. (of hair or fur) growing thickly

2. (of plants) growing thickly, with a lot of leaves
clumpy [ˈklʌmpi] (of shoes and boots) big, thick and heavy 意味
plumy [ˈpluːmɪ] 1. plumelike; feathery

2. consisting of, covered with, or adorned with feathers
luxuriant [lʌɡˈʒʊəriənt] 1. (of plants or hair) growing thickly and strongly in a way that is attractive

2. (especially of art or the atmosphere of a place) rich in something that is pleasant or beautiful
luscious [ˈlʌʃəs] 1. having a strong, pleasant taste

2. (of cloth, colours or music) soft and deep or heavy in a way that gives you pleasure to feel, look at or hear

3. sexually attractive

conducive [kənˈdjuːsɪv] conducive to something making it easy, possible or likely for something to happen 意味
tantamount [ˈtæntəmaʊnt] tantamount to something having the same bad effect as something else 意味
paramount [ˈpærəmaʊnt] 1. more important than anything else

2. (formal) having the highest position or the greatest power
fatuous [ˈfætʃuəs] stupid 意味
braggadocio [ˌbræɡəˈdəʊtʃiəʊ] behaviour that seems too proud or confident 意味

terrestrial [təˈrestriəl] 1. (specialist) (of animals and plants) living on the land or on the ground, rather than in water, in trees or in the air

2. connected with the planet Earth

3. ​(of television and broadcasting systems) operating by using equipment on the surface of the earth, rather than sending the signal via a satellite
daunting [ˈdɔːntɪŋ] making somebody feel nervous and less confident about doing something; likely to make somebody feel this way 意味
provincial [prəˈvɪnʃl] 1. [only before noun] connected with one of the large areas that some countries are divided into, with its own local government

2. [only before noun] (sometimes disapproving) connected with the parts of a country that do not include the capital city, especially when these are regarded as lacking culture or modern ideas

3. (disapproving) unwilling to consider new or different ideas or things
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