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今日の英語(20221129)

 今日勉強した英語の中で間違えたことや調べたことをメモしておく。

英文解釈

 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

PP. 130-1のIt...that...について*1

  It was not until the shadow of the forest had crept far across the lake and the darkening waters were still that we rose reluctantly to put dishes in the basket and start on our homeward journey.
  森の影が湖および黒ずむ水のはるか遠くにまで忍び寄ってやっと私たちは名残惜しみながらも皿をバスケットにしまい家路への旅を始めた。
  It is not what people eat, but what they digest, that makes them strong.
  人を強健にするのは食べたものではなく消化したものである。
  It is not by prayer that you cause things to go as you wish, but by acquiring a knowledge of natural laws.
  ものごとを思い通りに進行させられるのは、祈祷によってではなく自然法則により知り得ることによってである。
  Science may tell us that in the struggle for life it is the fittest who survive, but we who have lived through two great wars have seen with our eyes that it is the bravest, the noblest and the best who perish.
  生存競争において生き残るのは生存に最も適応した者であると科学は私たちに教えてくれるかもしれない。しかし二度の大戦を潜り抜けてきた我々は、滅びるのは最も勇敢で高貴で最も優れた人々であるとこの目で見てきた。

辞書を引いた語彙

単語

語彙
発音

記号
意味・内容
調べた理由
creep [kriːp] 1. [intransitive] (+ adv./prep.) (of people or animals) to move slowly, quietly and carefully, because you do not want to be seen or heard

2. [intransitive] (+ adv./prep.) (North American English) to move with your body close to the ground; to move slowly on your hands and knees

3. [intransitive] (+ adv./prep.) to move or develop very slowly

4. [intransitive] (+ adv./prep.) (of plants) to grow along the ground or up walls using long

5. [intransitive] creep (to somebody) (British English, informal, disapproving) to be too friendly or helpful to somebody in authority in a way that is not sincere, especially in order to get an advantage from them
意味
darken [ˈhəʊmwəd] towards home 意味
struggle [ˈstrʌɡl] 1. [intransitive] to try very hard to do something when it is difficult or when there are a lot of problems

2. [intransitive] + adv./prep. to move somewhere or do something with difficulty

3. [intransitive] to fight against somebody/something in order to prevent a bad situation or result

4. [intransitive] to fight somebody or try to get away from them

5. [intransitive] to compete or argue with somebody/something, especially in order to get something
意味
wordiness [ˈwɜːdinəs] the use of too many words, especially formal ones 意味
err [ɜː(r)] to make a mistake 意味
triteness [ˈtraɪtnəs] the fact of being boring because it has been expressed many times before 意味
recast [ˌriːˈkɑːst] 1. recast something (as something) to change something by organizing or presenting it in a different way

2. recast somebody (as something) to change the actors or the role of a particular actor in a play, etc.
意味
monotony [məˈnɒtəni] boring lack of variety 意味
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