今回は古沢寛行・小宮山浩光・レコード,カービィ(2004)「コロケーション徹底演習II」(泰文堂)PP. 134-7を参照。


  801. People in the small town were shocked when the man, convicted of murder in one of their local courts, we released after he won an appeal to a higher court.
  802. He seemed to be a jack-of-all-trades, proficient in everything he did, from race driving to carpentry.
  803. Psychiatrists say that solitary confinement is one of the most difficult hardships to endure for a long period of time and still remain sane..
  804. I am very fond of Gauguin's painting, but I do not find the still lifes as interesting as the nudes and landscapes.
  805. One notices immediately a striking difference between Egyptian and Greek sculptures. The former are stylised and abstract; the later are idealised, but the treatment of the human body is sensuous and even erotic.
  807. The little old lady seemed sweet and kind, but she had a kind of morbid obsession with the obituary pages of the newspaper, and with death in general.
  808. When we told my aunt that Mr Morgan had died two years ago, she looked upset and replied, "That's funny . I was certain I saw him last week, in fact, standing right behind me, where we were waiting for the bus.
  811. The man and his family were in real danger when their car stalled in the middle of a terrible snow storm on a deserted road in northern Minnesota.
  813. Blind adulation of public heroes leads the common person to believe anything they say, regardless of how far-fetched it might actually be.
  815. The Senator refused to lie about smoking pot, although it was akin to committing political suicide.
  817. He painted in a style reminiscent of the old masters, but nonetheless, he still produced something totally interesting and unique.
  818. In the wake of the earthquake, doctors had set up a makeshift operating room in the lobby of a hotel that had not been too badly damaged by the original impact or the aftershocks.
  819. I one asked my boss how he could remain so impervious to criticism from all sides. He replied simply, "It's like water off a duck's back".
  820. The great young hitter has now safely hit in twenty-three consecutive games, a new record for the franchise.
  821. The parole committee agreed to grant the prisoner an early release as long as he found legitimate employment.
  822. As soon as her husband finally granted her a divorce, she left and scarcely gave him a fleeting through again.
  823. One sometimes thinks that the special vocabulary of law or medicine is intentionally aimed at making perfectly understandable concepts unintelligible to anyone without special training.
  824. It is ironic that certain ethnic slurs, considered derogatory to members of a minority when used by outsiders, are often used within the minority group as terms of affection or in jest.
  825. Even highly contagious diseases may be transmitted in different ways. For example, some diseases, like flu, are airborne, while AIDS can only be contracted through sexual contact or blood contact with a carrier.


 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

P. 107の同格構文について*1

  There is one thing that the most powerful of men or the most extreme system cannot do: to enslave a cat.






contrive [kənˈtraɪv] 1. contrive to do something to manage to do something despite difficulties

2. contrive something to succeed in making something happen despite difficulties

3. contrive something to think of or make something, for example a plan or a machine, in a clever way
carpentry [ˈkɑːpəntri] 1. the work of a carpenter

2. things made by a carpenter
prosperous [ˈprɒspərəs] rich and successful 意味
proficient [prəˈfɪʃnt] able to do something well because of training and practice 意味
prolific [prəˈlɪfɪk] 1. (of an artist, a writer, etc.) producing many works, etc.

2. (of plants, animals, etc.) producing a lot of fruit, flowers, young, etc.

3. able to produce enough food, etc. to keep many animals and plants alive

4. existing in large numbers
solitary [ˈsɒlətri] 1. [usually before noun] done alone; without other people

2. (of a person or an animal) enjoying being alone; frequently spending time alone

3. (of a person, thing or place) alone, with no other people or things around

4. [usually before noun] (especially in negative sentences and questions) only one
sensuous [ˈsenʃuəs] 1. giving pleasure to your senses

2. suggesting an interest in sexual pleasure
knack [næk] 1. a special skill or ability that you have naturally or can learn

2. knack of doing something a habit of doing something
petty [ˈpeti] 1. [usually before noun] (disapproving) small and unimportant

2. (disapproving) caring too much about small and unimportant matters, especially when this is unkind to other people

3. (law) (of a crime or criminal) not very serious
morbid [ˈmɔːbɪd] 1. having or expressing a strong interest in sad or unpleasant things, especially disease or death

2. (medical) connected with disease
funerary [ˈfjuːnərəri] ​connected with a funeral (= ceremony for a dead person) or remembering the dead 意味
obituary [əˈbɪtʃuəri] an article about somebody’s life and achievements, that is printed in a newspaper soon after they have died 意味
mortuary [ˈmɔːtʃəri] 1. a room or building, for example part of a hospital, in which dead bodies are kept before they are buried or cremated (= burned)

2. (North American English) (British English funeral parlour, US English also funeral parlor, funeral home North American English, British English) a place where dead people are prepared for being buried or cremated (= burned) and where visitors can see the body
submissive [səbˈmɪsɪv] too willing to accept somebody else’s authority and willing to obey them without questioning anything they want you to do 意味
pervasive [pəˈveɪsɪv] existing in all parts of a place or thing; spreading gradually to affect all parts of a place or thing 意味
perverse [pəˈvɜːs] showing a deliberate and determined desire to behave in a way that most people think is wrong, unacceptable or unreasonable 意味
persuasive [pəˈsweɪsɪv] able to persuade somebody to do or believe something 意味
adulation [ˌædjuˈleɪʃn] great praise, especially when it is greater than necessary 意味
retrospective [ˌretrəˈspektɪv] 1. thinking about or connected with something that happened in the past

2. (also less frequent, formal retroactive) (of a new law or decision) intended to take effect from a particular date in the past rather than from the present date
reminiscent [,remɪˈnɪsnt] 1. reminiscent of somebody/something reminding you of somebody/something

2. [only before noun] (formal) showing that you are thinking about the past, especially in a way that causes you pleasure
provident [ˈprɒvɪdənt] careful in planning for the future, especially by saving money 意味
impertinent [ɪmˈpɜːtɪnənt] rude and not showing respect for somebody who is older or more important 意味
impervious [ɪmˈpɜːviəs] 1. impervious to something not affected or influenced by something 意味
legitimate [lɪˈdʒɪtɪmət] 1. for which there is a fair and acceptable reason

2. allowed and acceptable according to the law

3. (of a child) born when its parents are legally married to each other

slur [slɜː(r)] slur something / + speech to pronounce words in a way that is not clear so that they

2. slur something (music) to play or sing a group of two or more musical notes so that each one runs smoothly into the next

3. slur somebody/something to harm somebody’s reputation by making unfair or false statements about them
deplorable [dɪˈplɔːrəbl] very bad and unacceptable, often in a way that shocks people 意味
derogatory [dɪˈrɒɡətri] showing a critical attitude and lack of respect for somebody 意味
jest [dʒest] something said or done to make people laugh 意味
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