今回は古沢寛行・小宮山浩光・レコード,カービィ(2004)「コロケーション徹底演習II」(泰文堂)PP. 122-125を参照。


  726. A blackout in August, 2003, on the east coast of American effectively curtailed economic activities there for several days.
  727. The girl's father objected to her going out in an outfit he believed to be in such poor taste that it was almost sleazy.
  728. When my five-year-old son stepped on a rusty nail, we took him to the doctor to get a tetanus shot.
  729. When the teacher's voice became hoarse from too much talking, the students joked that he had a "frog in his throat".
  730. Ever since supporters of the Islamic Revolution in Iran held American citizens captive in Tehran's American Embassy for almost a year, relations between America and Iran have been strained.
  732. When people asked the world-famous strong man the secret of his incredible strength, he replied he didn't know - it was just the way he had been constituted.
  733. One of the most significant factors in predicting many diseases is that of hereditary disposition. If either of your parents suffered from a disease, the chances are much greater that you will also get it.
  735. President Roosevelt told Americans in his inaugural address of 1933 that "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself".
  738. Philosophers of art often think of a work of art as analogous to a living organism, capable of growth and vitality.
  739. One effect of the ending of the Cold War is that international relations are no longer limited to the oversimplified, ideological dichotomies of "democracy" and "communism".
  740. The woman in the witness box refused to answer the prosecutor's question, objecting that his question was purely hypothetical, and hence not relevant to the realities of the case.
  741. Opponents of capital punishment in the United States argue that the sentencing and execution of the death penalty are to a large extent arbitrary, depending on the state in which the crime was committed.
  742. The lyrics of country music are often sentimental and even corny, since it may be the most popular form of genuine folk music in America.
  743. It was a hot and sultry day, though it was already mid-September and everyone was sweating profusely.
  744. The dignitaries pulled up in front of the hotel and merged one by one from their jet-black limousines.
  745. Serious scientific research into human sexuality is often impeded by public opinion since the topic is frequently controversial and distasteful to those with a conservative mentality.
  746. At my age, I find that after sitting still for a few hours, for example, in a movie theatre, my leges get stiff and begin to feel numb.
  747. When we announced we were goingto visit New York City, many people advised us to avoid walking at night in the seedy parts of the city.
  748. Finally the woman called police to try to put an end to the threatening and obscene phone calls she had been receiving.
  750. Literary history was made the other day when an obscure manuscript, attributed to Mark Twain, was discovered in an attic.


 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

P. 104の同格構文について*1

6.1 例題(1)   Later on we shall learn something about the Industrial Revolution and about the conflicts that it engendered - social conflicts within the nations and economic conflicts between the nations. Now if we inquire as to the primary cause of the Industrial Revolution which we are about to study, the answer is: science and inventions, and the rapid multiplication of power-driven machines.

  Later on we shall learn something about the Industrial Revolution and about the conflicts that it engendered - social conflicts within the nations and economic conflicts between the nations.
  Now if we inquire as to the primary cause of the Industrial Revolution which we are about to study, the answer is: science and inventions, and the rapid multiplication of power-driven machines.






deprive of [dɪˈpraɪv] deprive somebody/something of something​to prevent somebody from having or doing something, especially something important 意味
dismiss [dɪsˈmɪs] 1. to decide that somebody/something is not important and not worth thinking or talking about

2. to put thoughts or feelings out of your mind

3. dismiss somebody (from something) to officially remove somebody from their job

4. dismiss somebody to send somebody away or allow them to leave

5. ​dismiss something (law) to say that a trial or legal case should not continue, usually because there is not enough evidence

6. dismiss somebody (in cricket) to end the innings of a player or team
curtail [kɜːˈteɪl] curtail something to limit something or make it last for a shorter time 意味
sleazy [ˈsliːzi] 1. (of a place) dirty, unpleasant and not socially acceptable, especially because sex is involved

2. (of people) immoral or unpleasant
slimy slaɪmi] 1. ​like or covered with slime

2. (informal, disapproving) (of a person or their manner) polite and extremely friendly in a way that is not sincere or honest

crusty [ˈkrʌsti] 1. (of food) having a hard outer layer

2. (informal) (especially of older people) easily made angry
tetanus [ˈtetnəs] a disease in which the muscles, especially the jaw muscles, become stiff, caused by bacteria entering the body through cuts or wounds 意味
rusty [ˈrʌsti] 1. covered with rust (a red-brown substance that is formed on some metals by the action of water and air)

2. [not usually before noun] (informal) (of a sport, skill, etc.) not as good as it used to be, because you have not been practising
strain [streɪn] 1. [uncountable, countable] pressure on a system or relationship because great demands are being placed on it

2. [countable, uncountable] mental pressure or worry felt by somebody because they have too much to do or manage; something that causes this pressure

3. [uncountable, countable] the pressure that is put on something when a physical force stretches, pushes, or pulls it

4. [countable, uncountable] an injury to a part of your body, such as a muscle, that is caused by using it too much or by twisting it

5. [countable] a particular type of plant or animal, or of a disease caused by bacteria, etc.

6. ​[countable, usually singular] a particular feature of the character of a person or group, or a quality in their manner

7. [countable, usually plural] (formal) the sound of music being played or sung
coarse [kɔːs] 1. (of skin or cloth) rough

2. consisting of relatively large pieces

3. rude and offensive, especially about sex
hoarse [hɔːs] if a person or their voice is hoarse, their voice sounds rough and unpleasant, especially because of a sore throat (= a painful throat because of an infection) 意味
rugged [ˈrʌɡɪd] 1. (of the landscape) not level or smooth and having rocks rather than plants or trees

2. [usually before noun] (approving) (of somebody's face) having strong, attractive features

3. [usually before noun] (of a person) determined to succeed in a difficult situation, even if this means using force or upsetting other people

4. (of equipment, clothing, etc.) strong and designed to be used in difficult conditions
captive [ˈkæptɪv] 1. kept as a prisoner or in a space that you cannot get out of; unable to escape

2. [only before noun] not free to leave a particular place or to choose what you want to do
constricted [kənˈstrɪktɪd] 1. tight or narrow

2. limited in amount, extent, range, etc.
contrived [kənˈtraɪvd] planned in advance and not natural or what somebody claims it is; written or arranged in a way that is not natural or realistic 意味
hereditary [həˈredɪtri] 1. (of a disease or characteristic) given to a child by its parents before it is born

2. that is legally given to somebody’s child, when that person dies

3. holding a rank or title that is hereditary
ancestral [ænˈsestrəl] connected with or that belonged to people in your family who lived a long time ago 意味
transmittable [trænzˈmɪt.ə.bəl] able to be passed or sent from one person, thing, or place to another 意味
introductory [ˌɪntrəˈdʌktəri] 1. written or said at the beginning of something as an introduction to what follows

2. ​intended as an introduction to a subject or an activity for people who have never done it before

3. offered for a short time only, when a product is first on sale
dichotomy [daɪˈkɒtəmi] dichotomy (between A and B) a division or contrast between two groups or things that are completely opposite to and different from each other 意味

fictitious [fɪkˈtɪʃəs] ​invented by somebody rather than true 意味
dictatorial [ˌdɪktəˈtɔːriəl] 1. connected with or controlled by a dictator

2. using power in an unreasonable way by telling people what to do and not listening to their views or wishes
corny [ˈkɔːni] not original; used too often to be interesting or to sound sincere 意味
copious [ˈkəʊpiəs] in large amounts 意味
sully [ˈsʌli] 1. sully something to damage or reduce the value of something

2. sully something to make something dirty
sultry [ˈsʌltri] 1. (of the weather or air) very hot and uncomfortable

2. (especially of a woman) sexually attractive; seeming to have strong sexual feelings
sulky [ˈsʌlki] in a bad mood or not speaking because you are angry about something 意味
profusely [prəˈfjuːsli] ​in large amounts 意味

dignitary [ˈdɪɡnɪtəri] a person who has an important official position 意味
pitchy [ˈpɪtʃɪ] (of singing) varying between being on pitch and being slightly sharp or flat 意味
impede [ɪmˈpiːd] impede something to delay or stop the progress of something 意味
controversial [ˌkɒntrəˈvɜːʃl] causing a lot of angry public discussion and disagreement 意味
disdainful [dɪsˈdeɪnfl] disdainful (of somebody/something) showing the feeling that somebody/something is not good enough to deserve your respect or attention 意味
distasteful [dɪsˈteɪstfl] unpleasant or offensive 意味
dissident [ˈdɪsɪdənt] a person who strongly disagrees with and criticizes their government, especially in a country where this kind of action is dangerous 意味
rigid [ˈrɪdʒɪd] 1. (often disapproving) (of rules, methods, etc.) very strict and difficult to change

2. ​(often disapproving) (of a person) not willing to change their ideas or behaviour

3. (of an object or substance) stiff and difficult to move or bend
stiff [stɪf] 1. difficult to bend or move

2. when a person or a part of their body is stiff, their muscles hurt when they move them

3. thick; difficult to stir (= move around with a spoon)

4. more difficult or severe than usual

5. (of a person or their behaviour) not friendly or relaxed

6. (informal) costing a lot or too much

7. [only before noun] strong; containing a lot of alcohol
snotty [ˈsnɒti] 1. snooty (= treating people as if they are not as good or as important as you)

2. full of or covered in snot
seedy [ˈsiːdi] dirty and unpleasant, possibly connected with bad or illegal activities 意味
snooty [ˈsnuːti] treating people as if they are not as good or as important as you 意味
obsolete [ˈɒbsəliːt] no longer used because something new has been invented 意味
obscene [əbˈsiːn] 1. connected with sex in a way that most people find offensive

2. extremely large in size or amount in a way that most people find unacceptable and offensive
arterial [ɑːˈtɪəriəl] 1. connected with the tubes that carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body

2. connected with a large and important road, river, railway line, etc.
greasy [ˈɡriːsi] 1. covered in a lot of grease or oil

2. (disapproving) (of food) cooked with too much oil or fat

3. (disapproving) (of hair or skin) producing too much natural oil

4. (informal, disapproving) (of people or their behaviour) friendly in a way that does not seem sincere

obscure [əbˈskjʊə(r)] 1. not well known

2. difficult to understand
attic [ˈætɪk] a room or space just below the roof of a house, often used for storing things 意味
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