一流の大人(ビジネスマン、政治家、リーダー…)として知っておきたい、教養・社会動向を意外なところから取り上げ学ぶことで“気付く力”を伸ばすブログです。データ分析・語学に力点を置いています。 →現在、コンサルタントの雛になるべく、少しずつ勉強中です(※2024年1月21日改訂)。





 今回は古沢寛行・小宮山浩光・レコード,カービィ(2004)「コロケーション徹底演習II」(泰文堂)PP. 130-3を参照。


  776. A mere 300 gallant warriors were sent from Sparta to defend the narrow pass at Thermopile, against 200,000 Persians.
  777. Mrs Goodman has been trying to get a raise for almost two years now, but her boss's response is invariably equivocal.
  778. The romantic and beautiful glow of the moon is in stark contrast with what we know to be its bleak and uninhabitable terrain.
  779. Several baseball stars, now making millions of dollars a year in the major leagues, lived in conditions of abject poverty as children.
  780. The strangest tenet of this Christian doctrine is the belief that Mary, the mother of Jesus, remained chaste and virginal despite giving birth naturally to a baby boy.
  782. Although thousands of American children are killed accidentally by the careless use of firearms, the National Rifle Association remains resolute in its opposition to even modest proposals for limiting the ownership of guns.
  783. His speech was interrupted only by polite, sporadic applause from the audience, and he learned from their response he could not win the next election.
  784. Some psychiatrists speculate that rather than being an insidious element in society, pornography is actually beneficial, since it provides vicarious outlets for potential sexual predators.
  785. The professor's wife complemented him perfectly. While he was a reclusive and shy intellectual, she was highly sociable, adroit at arranging and hosting wonderful parties for their friends.
  786. He used to have his suits made by the tailor on the town square. But now that the cost has become so exorbitant, he buys his suits right off the rack.
  788. When planning a budget, do not forget to assume you will need a certain amount for incidental expenses, that is, minor expenses you cannot calculate precisely.
  789. The river, sinuous as a snake, and glistening in the sun, wound through the emerald valley on its way to the sea.
  790. The young man burst awkwardly into my office without an introduction, and it was strange to encounter someone obviously so bright and yet so plainly uncouth.
  791. The soldiers were facing certain death and yet remained intrepid, doing their duty without a hint of self pity.
  792. Every nation has particular things that many people associate with it as soon as they hear the country's name. With Japan, it may be sushi and sumo, with France, the Eiffel Tower and cream sauces, and with the United States, jeans and the Statue of Liberty.
  794. He loved Italian, French and Chinese cuisine but he did not consider Greek food very palatable.
  798. Soap operas often make use of the plots found in great authors, like Homer or Shakespeare, at the stories are presented in a maudlin and melodramatic way to an unsophisticated audience.
  799. Many wounded soldiers, fresh from the battle, lay on cots waiting for some badly needed medical treatment.
  800. He is a born wanderer, apparently unable to stay put in any one place for longer than a few months.


 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

P. 107の同格構文について*1

  I am sure we shall none of us forget poor Tom.
  The new king was so fond of hunting himself, although he would not let the English hunt.
  Formerly, if you lived anywhere outside the very large cities, you could have very little musical experience beyond what you made yourself.






mischievous [ˈmɪstʃɪvəs] 1. enjoying playing tricks and annoying people

2. (formal) (of an action or a statement) causing trouble, such as damaging somebody’s reputation
exhaustive [ɪɡˈzɔːstɪv] including everything possible; very careful or complete 意味
equivocal [ɪˈkwɪvəkl] 1. of words or statements) not having one clear or definite meaning or intention; able to be understood in more than one way

2. (of actions or behaviour) difficult to understand or explain clearly or easily
stark [stɑːk] 1. unpleasant; real, and impossible to avoid

2. very different from something in a way that is easy to see
bleary [ˈblɪəri] (of eyes) not able to see clearly, especially because you are tired 意味
bleak [bliːk] 1. (of a situation) not giving any reason to have hope or expect anything good

2. (of the weather) cold and unpleasant

3. ​(of a place) exposed, empty, or with no pleasant features
blatant [ˈbleɪtnt] (of actions that are considered bad) done in an obvious and open way without caring if people are shocked 意味

abrupt [əˈbrʌpt] 1. sudden and unexpected, often in an unpleasant way

2. speaking or acting in a way that seems rude and unfriendly; not taking time to say more than is necessary
absurd [əbˈsɜːd] 1. extremely silly; not logical and sensible

2. the absurd noun [singular] things that are or that seem to be absurd
abject [ˈæbdʒekt] 1. terrible and without hope

2. without any respect for yourself
chaste [tʃeɪst] 1. ​(old-fashioned) not having sex with anyone; only having sex with the person that you are married to

2. (formal) not expressing sexual feelings

3. (formal) simple and plain in style; not decorated
voluptuous [vəˈlʌptʃuəs] 1. (formal) having large breasts and hips in a way that is sexually attractive

2. (literary) giving you physical pleasure
terrain [təˈreɪn] used to refer to an area of land when you are mentioning its natural features, for example, if it is rough, flat, etc. 意味
vain [veɪn] 1. that does not produce the result you want

2. (disapproving) too proud of your own appearance, abilities or achievements
venerable [ˈvenərəbl] 1. [usually before noun] (formal) venerable people or things deserve respect because they are old, important, wise, etc.

2. the Venerable… [only before noun] (in the Anglican Church) a title of respect used when talking about an archdeacon

3. the Venerable… [only before noun] (in the Roman Catholic Church) a title given to a dead person who is very holy but who has not yet been made a saint
resolute rezəluːt] strong and determined 意味
fervent [ˈfɜːvənt] having or showing very strong and sincere feelings about something 意味
sporadic [spəˈrædɪk] happening only occasionally or at intervals that are not regular 意味
insidious [ɪnˈsɪdiəs] spreading gradually or without being noticed, but causing serious harm 意味
sensory [ˈsensəri] connected with your physical senses 意味
vicarious [vɪˈkeəriəs] felt or experienced by watching or reading about somebody else doing something, rather than by doing it yourself 意味
complement [ˈkɒmplɪment] complement something to add to something in a way that improves it or makes it more attractive 意味
reclusive [rɪˈkluːsɪv] living alone and avoiding other people 意味
futile [ˈfjuːtaɪl] having no purpose because there is no chance of success 意味
diabolic [ˌdaɪəˈbɒlɪkl] 1. (especially British English, informal) extremely bad or annoying

2. (also less frequent) diabolic
adroit [əˈdrɔɪt] clever and showing skill 意味
exorbitant [ɪɡˈzɔːbɪtənt] (of a price) much too high 意味
exhortative [ɪɡˈzɔː.tə.tɪv] involving an attempt to strongly encourage or persuade someone to do something 意味
sparse [spɑːs] only present in small amounts or numbers and often spread over a large area 意味
springy [ˈsprɪŋi] 1. ​returning quickly to the original shape after being pushed, pulled, stretched, etc.

2. full of energy and confidence
sinuous [ˈsɪnjuəs] turning while moving, in an attractive way; having many curves 意味
uncouth [ʌnˈkuːθ] ​(of a person or their behaviour) rude or socially unacceptable 意味
officious [əˈfɪʃəs] too ready to tell people what to do or to use the power you have to give orders 意味
atrocious [əˈtrəʊʃəs] 1. very bad or unpleasant

2. very cruel and making you feel shocked
intrepid [ɪnˈtrepɪd] very brave; not afraid of danger or difficulties 意味
resultant [rɪˈzʌltənt] caused by the thing that has just been mentioned 意味
unsavoury [ʌnˈseɪvəri] unpleasant or offensive; not considered morally acceptable 意味
palatable [ˈpælətəbl] 1. (of food or drink) having a pleasant or acceptable taste

2. ​palatable (to somebody) pleasant or acceptable to somebody
repulsive [rɪˈpʌlsɪv] 1. causing a feeling of strong dislike; very unpleasant

2. (physics) causing repulsion (= a force that pushes away)
maudlin [ˈmɔːdlɪn] 1. talking in a silly, emotional way, often feeling sorry for yourself

2. (of a book, film or song) expressing or causing exaggerated emotions, especially in way that is not sincere
maladjusted [ˌmæləˈdʒʌstɪd] having mental and emotional problems that lead to unacceptable behaviour 意味
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