「大人の教養・知識・気付き」を伸ばすブログ

一流の大人(ビジネスマン、政治家、リーダー…)として知っておきたい、教養・社会動向を意外なところから取り上げ学ぶことで“気付く力”を伸ばすブログです。目下、データ分析・語学に力点を置いています。今月(2022年10月)からは多忙につき、日々の投稿数を減らします。

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今日の英語(20221108)

 今日勉強した英語の中で間違えたことや調べたことをメモしておく。

コロケーション

 今回は古沢寛行・小宮山浩光・レコード,カービィ(2004)「コロケーション徹底演習II」(泰文堂)PP. 107-110を参照。


 今回、間違えたのは以下の表現:

  626. The biggest challenge in organ transplantation is overcoming the problem of the body's natural tendency to reject any foreign element as an intruder.
    臓器移植における最も大きな挑戦は、如何なる異質要素も侵入物として排除しようとする身体が生まれつき持つ傾向を克服することである。
  627. He had a close call when his car spun on the ice and nearly went off the edge of a cliff.
    自分の車が氷の上でスピンして崖の縁から落ちかけたとき、彼はまさに危機一髪の状況にあった。
  630. Farmers in the Midwest remained doubtful about the prospects of a good yield this year due to sporadic rainfall.
    中西部の農民は散発的な降雨の故に、今年の豊かな収穫の見込みには懐疑的だった。
  633. He was known for his loud ties and baggy pants. When Professor Norton walked down the hall, no one could miss him.
    彼は派手なネクタイとだぶだぶのズボンで有名だった。ノートン教授が廊下を歩いていると、彼に気付かかない者は誰もいなかった。
  634. I am often so engrossed in my work that I don't notice that it is time to go home.
    私は帰宅する時間に気付かない程に仕事に夢中になることが良くある。
  636. Many Japanese students, thinking that Americans are informal, don't realize that it is often discourteous to address an American teacher by his or her first name without a specific invitation to do so.
    米国人は開放的だと思っているので、多くの日本人学生ははっきりとそうして構わないと言われないのに、米国人教師をファーストネームで呼ぶのは失礼であることに気付かない。
  638. There were many cheaper boots to choose from, but I got a heavy-duty pair at a slightly higher price.
    多くのもっと値段の安いブーツの中から選べたが、私はもう少し高い値段で頑丈な1足を手に入れた。
  640. Thomas Edison was inquisitive even as a child, performing his first experiment at the age of three.
    トーマス・エジソンは子供の頃でさえ好奇心が強く、3歳のとき、はじめて最初の実験を行った。
  641. Some yogis recommend we drink mostly tepid liquids, avoiding alcohol and caffeine, and practicing their own version of moderation in all things.
    ヨーガの行者の中には、アルコールやカフェインを避け、すべてにおいて彼ら流の節制を実行しながら、主として生ぬるい液体を飲むようにと勧める者がいる。
  643. A number of weapons experts warned the White House that an attack was imminent, but their words were ignored, and the terror of September 11, 2001 proceeded with little impediment.
    多くの武器専門家が、攻撃が差し迫っているとホワイトハウスに警告したが、彼らの警告は無視され、そして2001年9月11日の恐怖は殆ど妨害なく進行した。
  644. Although he lives and works in Tokyo, he also has a home in a rustic Malaysian village, where he does much of his personal writing.
    私は東京に住みそこで働いているが、素朴なマレーシアの村にも家があり、そこで彼は自分の個人的な著作の多くを行なう。
  645. I wanted to talk to my mother about a serious issue but she seemed pensive and distracted; so I decided to wait till a more appropriate moment.
    私はある重大な問題で母親と話をしたかったが、彼女は物思いに沈んで集中できないようだった。それで私はもっと適切な時まで待とうと決めた。
  646. After his stroke he regained his abilities to speak but he moves in a sluggish manner and is still partly paralyzed on his left side.
    卒中の後、彼は再び話せるようになったが、動きは鈍く、左側はまだ部分的に麻痺している。
  647. He decided to take his time looking for a job, wanting to make sure he made a prudent decision.
    間違いなく慎重な決断をしたかったので、彼は時間を掛けて職を探そうと決めた。
  649. He was truly a master of impromptu speaking, capable of being witty and to the point on virtually any topic at the drop of a hat.
    待ってましたとばかりに、事実上どのような話題についても機知に富み要領を得た話ができる、彼は真に即席スピーチの名人であった。
  650. The tempestuous weather was finally over and we woke to a bright limpid sky without a single cloud overhead.
    大荒れの天気はついに終わり、私たちが目を覚ますと頭上には雲一つない明るい透明な空があった。

英文解釈

 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

PP. 98-99の倒置形について*1


5.4 例題(2)   As culture advances, the role of playful and artistic activities tends to grow ever greater. The increase of leisure is recognized by most of us as a desirable social aim, but leisure activities usually contain a greater element of mental activities than do those that come under the heading of work.

  As culture advances, the role of playful and artistic activities tends to grow ever greater.
  文化が発展するにつれて、遊びや芸術的な活動がそれまで以上に大きく活発的になる傾向がある。
  The increase of leisure is recognized by most of us as a desirable social aim, but leisure activities usually contain a greater element of mental activities than do those that come under the heading of work.
  レジャーの増加は望ましい社会的目標であると大部分の人が認めるところである。しかしレジャー活動はたいてい仕事と銘打った活動の場合よりも多くの精神的な活動という要素を有している。


5.4 例題(3)   In my life anxiety, trouble, and sorrow have been allotted to me at times in such abundant measure that had my nerves not been so strong. I must have broken down under the weight. Heavy is the burden of fatigue and responsibility which has lain upon me without a break for years. I have not much of life for myself, not even the hours I should like to devote to my wife and child.

  In my life anxiety, trouble, and sorrow have been allotted to me at times in such abundant measure that had my nerves not been so strong, I must have broken down under the weight.
  私の人生では、心配事や苦労、悲しみが時折あまりにも多かったので、もし私の神経がそこまで強くなければ、挫けてしまったに違いない。
  Heavy is the burden of fatigue and responsibility which has lain upon me without a break for years.
  何年も絶え間なく私に降りかかった疲労や責任の負荷は重かった。
  I have not much of life for myself, not even the hours I should like to devote to my wife and child.
  私には自分のために生きる余裕はあまりなく、妻や子供に何時間か割きたいと思ってもその時間さえない。

辞書を引いた語彙

 辞書は

またはを引いています。

単語

語彙
発音

記号
意味・内容
調べた理由
intruder [ɪnˈtruːdə(r)] 1. a person who enters a building or an area illegally

2. a person who is somewhere where they are not wanted
意味
taut [tɔːt] 1. stretched tightly

2.showing that you are anxious or tense

3. (of a person or their body) with hard muscles; not fat

4. (of a piece of writing, etc.) carefully written with no unnecessary parts in it
意味
afflict [əˈflɪkt] to affect somebody/something in an unpleasant or harmful way 意味
sporadic [spəˈrædɪk] happening only occasionally or at intervals that are not regular 意味
clamorous [ˈklæmərəs] 1. (especially of a lot of people or animals) making a loud noise

2. (of a lot of people) making demands for something
意味
engross [ɪnˈɡrəʊs] engross somebody if something engrosses you, it is so interesting that you give it all your attention and time 意味
entwine [ɪnˈtwaɪn] 1. to twist or wind something around something else

be entwined (with something) to be very closely involved or connected with something
意味
discourteous [dɪsˈkɜːtiəs] having bad manners and not showing respect for other people 意味
stale [steɪl] 1. (of food, especially bread and cake) no longer fresh and therefore unpleasant to eat

2. (of air, smoke, etc.) no longer fresh; smelling unpleasant

3. something that is stale has been said or done too many times before and is no longer interesting or exciting

4. a person who is stale has done the same thing for too long and so is unable to do it well or produce any new ideas
意味
stagnant [ˈstæɡnənt] 1. stagnant water or air is not moving and therefore smells unpleasant

2. not developing, growing or changing
意味
inquisitive [ɪnˈkwɪzətɪv] 1. (disapproving) asking too many questions and trying to find out about what other people are doing, etc.

2. very interested in learning about many different things
意味
meddlesome [ˈmedlsəm] (of people) enjoying getting involved in situations that have nothing to do with them 意味
torrid [ˈtɒrɪd] 1. full of strong emotions, especially connected with sex and love

2. (formal) (of a climate or country) very hot or dry

3. (British English) very difficult
意味
tepid [ˈtepɪd] 1. slightly warm, sometimes in a way that is not pleasant

2. not enthusiastic
意味
imminent [ˈɪmɪnənt] (especially of something unpleasant) likely to happen very soon 意味
impetuous [ɪmˈpetʃuəs] acting or done quickly and without thinking carefully about the results 意味
impertinent [ɪmˈpɜːtɪnənt] rude and not showing respect for somebody who is older or more important 意味
impediment [ɪmˈpedɪmənt] 1. impediment (to something) (formal) something that delays or stops the progress of something

2. (becoming old-fashioned) a problem, for example a stammer, that makes it more difficult for somebody to speak, hear, etc.
意味
ruinous [ˈruːɪnəs] 1. costing a lot of money and more than you can afford

2. causing serious problems or damage

3. (of a town, building, etc.) destroyed or severely damaged
意味
rustic [ˈrʌstɪk] 1. (approving) typical of the country or of country people; simple

2. made very simply of rough wood
意味
ritualistic [ˌrɪtʃuəˈlɪstɪk] 1. connected with the rituals performed as part of a ceremony

2. always done or said in the same way, especially when this is not sincere
意味
pensive [ˈpensɪv] thinking deeply about something, especially because you are sad or worried 意味
sluggish [ˈslʌɡɪʃ] moving, reacting or working more slowly than normal 意味
priggish [ˈprɪɡɪʃ] behaving in a morally correct way and showing disapproval of what other people do 意味
trenchant [ˈtrentʃənt] (of criticism, remarks, etc.) expressed strongly and effectively, in a clear way 意味
prudent [ˈpruːdnt] sensible and careful when you make judgements and decisions; avoiding unnecessary risks 意味
instantaneous [ˌɪnstənˈteɪniəs] happening immediately 意味
impromptu [ɪmˈprɒmptjuː] without preparation or planning 意味
tempestuous [temˈpestʃuəs] 1. (formal) full of extreme emotions

2. (formal or literary) caused by or affected by a violent storm
意味
limpid [ˈlɪmpɪd] (of liquids, etc.) clear 意味
lustrous [ˈlʌstrəs] soft and shining 意味
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