「大人の教養・知識・気付き」を伸ばすブログ

一流の大人(ビジネスマン、政治家、リーダー…)として知っておきたい、教養・社会動向を意外なところから取り上げ学ぶことで“気付く力”を伸ばすブログです。目下、データ分析・語学に力点を置いています。今月(2022年10月)からは多忙につき、日々の投稿数を減らします。

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今日の英語(20221109)

 今日勉強した英語の中で間違えたことや調べたことをメモしておく。

コロケーション

 今回は古沢寛行・小宮山浩光・レコード,カービィ(2004)「コロケーション徹底演習II」(泰文堂)PP. 111-114を参照。


 今回、間違えたのは以下の表現:

  651. She was always well-intentioned, but capable of sudden and rash judgements, which often tormented her.
    彼女は常に善意の人だったが、突然性急な判断をしかねなかった。それで彼女は良く悩んだ。
  653. Leonardo da Vinci was most famous for being versatile, with remarkable talents in both science and art.
    レオナルド・ダ・ヴィンチは、科学にも芸術にも非凡な才能を発揮し、多才で非常に名が知られていた。
  654. Jim was an artist in every sense of the word, but totally oblivious to public opinion about his work.
    ジムは(芸術家という)言葉のあらゆる意味において芸術家であったが、自分の仕事に就いての世論には全く気付いていなかった。
  655. Fortunately, smoking is not permissible in many public places in the Untied States and Europe. If only Japan would wake up to the public health threat from secondary smoke!
    幸いなことに、喫煙は合衆国や欧州内の多くの公共の場所で禁止されている。他人が履く煙によって公衆の健康が脅かされる危険に日本が目覚めてくれたらと思う。
  656. Sometimes my students laughed loudly about the hilarious shenanigans of the character "Pa" in Erskine Caldwell's Georgia Boy.
    ときどき私の学生たちは、アースキン・コールドウェルの作品「ジョージア・ボーイ」の中の「戸尾さん」という登場人物のたわごとに大声で笑った。
  657. When Bob was in a good mood, it was fun to chat with him, but sometimes he seemed so grouchy everyone just avoided him.
    ボブの気分が良いときに彼とおしゃべりするのは楽しかったが、時々彼が不機嫌な様子を見せると、皆は彼をただ避けるだけだった。
  658. As soon as the shoplifter entered my shop, his furtive glances in every direction aroused my suspicious.
    その万引き犯は私の店に入って来るや、あちこちうさん臭く眺めまわしたので私の疑念は高まった。
  659. We heard our old friend was in bad shape, living in a rundown, dingy apartment and barely getting enough to eat.
    私たちは級友が荒れ果てた汚いアパートに住み食べるものにも不自由して困窮していると聞いた。
  660. Embryotic surgery has been attempted as a radical new medical treatment for some congenital birth defects.
    ある種の先天的出生時障害に対する革命的新治療法として胎児の治療が試みられた。
  661. His aides argued against the decision but the President announced it was imperative that he order the use of military force for the defence of the nation.
    補佐官たちはその決定に反対論を述べたが、大統領は国の防衛のために武力の行使を命ずるのは止むを得ないと伝えた。
  662. We haven't got much news of the recent Middle Eastern suicide attack in Jerusalem but the radical group Hammas has claimed responsibility for the recent one.
    イェルサレムでの最近の中東自爆攻撃に関するニュースをあまり聞かないが、過激派グループのハマスが、最近のは自分たちがやったと発表した。
  664. When I asked the tailor if he needed a deposit, he said my word was good enough for him, since I was an old and trusted customer.
    私が洋服屋に内金が必要かと聞くと、私は古くからの信用ある顧客なので、私の言葉で十分だと彼は言った。
  666. No matter how rich I might be, I would never pay as much as $250,000 for a car; to me, no car is worth it.
    たとえどんなに金持ちになろうと、1台の車に25万ドルも払うつもりはない。私にとっては、如何なる車もそのような値段に値しない。
  668. Mr Nishiyama is conscientious, almost to a fault. Or could it be the case that I am too derelict?
    西山氏は欠点と言っても良いほどに良心的な人物である。それとも、本当は、私があまりにも職務怠慢なのだろうか。
  669. I worked on a farm during my summer vacations from college but I realised even then it was too strenuous for a guy like me.
    大学の夏季休暇の間、私は畑仕事に従事したが、私のような者にはあまりにもきつい仕事だとそのときでさえ分かった。
  670. As soon as we got the child into the house, we washed his cut with antiseptic soap. We didn't want to risk an infection.
    その子供を家に入れるとすぐに、私たちは彼の切り傷を消毒用せっけんで洗った。化膿の危険を防ぎたかったからだ。
  671. Taking students to lunch or having them over for dinner is a nice chance to mix with them in a social setting not possible in the classroom.
    学生たちを昼食に連れて行ったり、夕食に招待したりするのは、教室では不可能な付き合いの場で彼らと交わる良い機会だ。
  672. I meant to call Mr Smith all day but things got so hectic at work. I just didn't have time.
    終日、スミス氏に電話をしようと思ったが、仕事中はてんてこ舞いの事態となった。まさに時間が無かった。
  673. I always loved going to grandmother's house as a child, where the feather mattress on the bed was so much fluffier than the cotton one I slept on at home.
    子供の頃、祖母の家に行くのがいつも好きだった。そこではベッドの上の羽毛マットレスは私が家で眠る綿のマットレスよりずっとふわふわしていた。
  674. One thing we didn't notice in the Bush Administration is a tolerant attitude toward dissenting views.
    ブッシュ政権に欠けていると分かった1つのことは、反対意見に対する寛容な態度である。
  675. My father was a capable but meticulous man, obsessed with the minute details of even the most unimportant tasks.
    私の父は有能だが細かいことに気を配る人で、最も些細な仕事でさえその微細な細かい部分が絶えず頭から離れなかった。

英文解釈

 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

PP. 100-101の同格構文について*1

  Dr\ Angle, noted authority on Abraham Lincoln, arrived in Tokyo February 14th.
  エイブラハム・リンカーンの著名な権威であるアングル博士は、2月14日に東京に着いた。
  Few insects enjoy more fame than the glowworm, the curious little animal who celebrates the joy of life by lighting a lantern at its tail end.
  蛍というそのお尻の先に灯りを付けて人生の喜びを祝う珍しく小さな生物ほど、良く親しまれている虫は少ない。
  You may have heard of that lovely land called Italy, the land of golden sunshine and warm, soft air.
  黄金の太陽と暖かく柔らかい風の地である、イタリアと呼ばれる愛しい国について聞いたことがあるかもしれない。

辞書を引いた語彙

 辞書は

またはを引いています。

単語

語彙
発音

記号
意味・内容
調べた理由
torment [ˈtɔːment] extreme pain, especially mental pain; a person or thing that causes this 意味
vigilant [ˈvɪdʒɪlənt] very careful to notice any signs of danger or trouble 意味
versatile [versatile] 1. (of a person) able to do many different things

2. (of food, a building, etc.) having many different uses
意味
shenanigans [ʃɪˈnænɪɡənz] secret or dishonest activities that people find interesting and sometimes funny 意味
hectic [ˈhektɪk] very busy; full of activity 意味
oblivious [əˈblɪviəs] not aware of something 意味
hilarious [hɪˈleəriəs] extremely funny 意味
haphazard [hæpˈhæzəd] with no particular order or plan; not organized well 意味
grouchy [ˈɡraʊtʃi] easily annoyed and often complaining 意味
grubby [ˈɡrʌbi] 1. rather dirty, usually because it has not been washed or cleaned

2. unpleasant because it involves activities that are not honest or moral
意味
fussy [ˈfʌsi] 1. too concerned about having things exactly as you want them; hard to please

2. doing something with small, quick, nervous movements

3. having too much detail or decoration
意味
furtive [ˈfɜːtɪv] behaving in a way that shows that you want to keep something secret and do not want to be noticed 意味
forlorn [fəˈlɔːn] 1. (of a person) appearing lonely and unhappy

2. (of a place) not cared for and with no people in it

3. unlikely to succeed, come true, etc.
意味
rundown [ˈrʌndaʊn] 1. rundown (in/of something) (British English) a reduction in the amount, size or activity of something, especially a business

2. rundown (on/of something) an explanation or a description of something
意味
dubious [ˈdjuːbiəs] 1. [not usually before noun] dubious (about something)/(about doing something) (of a person) not certain about something and suspecting that something may be wrong; not knowing whether something is good or bad

2. (disapproving) probably not honest

3. that you cannot be sure about; that is probably not good
意味
disdainful [dɪsˈdeɪnfl] disdainful (of somebody/something) showing the feeling that somebody/something is not good enough to deserve your respect or attention 意味
dingy [ˈdɪndʒi] dark and dirty 意味
congenital [kənˈdʒenɪtl] 1. (of a disease or medical condition) existing since or before birth

2. [only before noun] existing as part of a person’s character and not likely to change

3. [only before noun] (of a person) born with a particular illness
意味
congenial [ənˈdʒiːniəl] 1. (of a person) pleasant to spend time with because their interests and character are similar to your own

2. congenial (to somebody) (of a place, job, etc.) pleasant because it suits your character

3. congenial (to something) (formal) suitable for something
意味
consumptive [kənˈsʌmptɪv] 1. having consumption (= a disease of the lungs)

2. (usually disapproving) connected with the fact of using up resources
意味
imperious [ɪmˈpɪəriəs] expecting people to obey you and treating them as if they are not as important as you 意味
imperative [ɪmˈperətɪv] 1. [not usually before noun] (formal) very important and needing immediate attention or action

2. (formal) expressing authority

3. [only before noun] (grammar) expressing an order
意味
tripod [ˈtraɪpɒd] a support with three legs for a camera, telescope, etc. 意味
worthwhile [ˌwɜːθˈwaɪl] mportant, pleasant, interesting, etc.; worth spending time, money or effort on 意味
adroit [əˈdrɔɪt] (formal) ​clever and showing skill 意味
derelict [ˈderəlɪkt] 1. (especially of land or buildings) not used or cared for and in bad condition

2. derelict in (doing) something (especially North American English) failing completely to do your duty or perform your obligations
意味
strenuous [ˈstrenjuəs] 1. needing great effort and energy

2. determined and showing great energy
意味
treacherous [ˈtretʃərəs] 1. that cannot be trusted; intending to harm you

2. dangerous, especially when seeming safe
意味
zealous [ˈzeləs] (formal) ​showing great energy and enthusiasm for something, especially because you feel strongly about it 意味
anesthetic [ˌænəsˈθetɪk] a drug that makes a person or an animal unable to feel anything, especially pain, either in the whole body or in a part of the body 意味
antiseptic [ˌæntiˈseptɪk] a substance that helps to prevent infection in wounds by killing bacteria 意味
societal [səˈsaɪətl] connected with society and the way it is organized 意味
prolific [prəˈlɪfɪk] 1. (of an artist, a writer, etc.) producing many works, etc.

2. (of plants, animals, etc.) producing a lot of fruit, flowers, young, etc.

3. able to produce enough food, etc. to keep many animals and plants alive

4. existing in large numbers
意味
fluffy [ˈflʌfi] 1. covered in very soft fur or feathers

2. (of food) soft, light and containing air

3. looking as if it is soft and light

4. (informal, disapproving) light and not serious; having no substance, depth or power
意味
pompous [ˈpɒmpəs] showing that you think you are more important than other people, especially by using long and formal words 意味
menial [ˈmiːniəl] (of work) not considered important; not needing special skills and often boring or badly paid 意味
mediocre [ˌmiːdiˈəʊkə(r)] not very good; of only average standard 意味
meticulous [məˈtɪkjələs] paying careful attention to every detail 意味
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