一流の大人(ビジネスマン、政治家、リーダー…)として知っておきたい、教養・社会動向を意外なところから取り上げ学ぶことで“気付く力”を伸ばすブログです。データ分析・語学に力点を置いています。 →現在、コンサルタントの雛になるべく、少しずつ勉強中です(※2024年1月21日改訂)。





 今回は古沢寛行・小宮山浩光・レコード,カービィ(2004)「コロケーション徹底演習II」(泰文堂)PP. 111-114を参照。


  651. She was always well-intentioned, but capable of sudden and rash judgements, which often tormented her.
  653. Leonardo da Vinci was most famous for being versatile, with remarkable talents in both science and art.
  654. Jim was an artist in every sense of the word, but totally oblivious to public opinion about his work.
  655. Fortunately, smoking is not permissible in many public places in the Untied States and Europe. If only Japan would wake up to the public health threat from secondary smoke!
  656. Sometimes my students laughed loudly about the hilarious shenanigans of the character "Pa" in Erskine Caldwell's Georgia Boy.
  657. When Bob was in a good mood, it was fun to chat with him, but sometimes he seemed so grouchy everyone just avoided him.
  658. As soon as the shoplifter entered my shop, his furtive glances in every direction aroused my suspicious.
  659. We heard our old friend was in bad shape, living in a rundown, dingy apartment and barely getting enough to eat.
  660. Embryotic surgery has been attempted as a radical new medical treatment for some congenital birth defects.
  661. His aides argued against the decision but the President announced it was imperative that he order the use of military force for the defence of the nation.
  662. We haven't got much news of the recent Middle Eastern suicide attack in Jerusalem but the radical group Hammas has claimed responsibility for the recent one.
  664. When I asked the tailor if he needed a deposit, he said my word was good enough for him, since I was an old and trusted customer.
  666. No matter how rich I might be, I would never pay as much as $250,000 for a car; to me, no car is worth it.
  668. Mr Nishiyama is conscientious, almost to a fault. Or could it be the case that I am too derelict?
  669. I worked on a farm during my summer vacations from college but I realised even then it was too strenuous for a guy like me.
  670. As soon as we got the child into the house, we washed his cut with antiseptic soap. We didn't want to risk an infection.
  671. Taking students to lunch or having them over for dinner is a nice chance to mix with them in a social setting not possible in the classroom.
  672. I meant to call Mr Smith all day but things got so hectic at work. I just didn't have time.
  673. I always loved going to grandmother's house as a child, where the feather mattress on the bed was so much fluffier than the cotton one I slept on at home.
  674. One thing we didn't notice in the Bush Administration is a tolerant attitude toward dissenting views.
  675. My father was a capable but meticulous man, obsessed with the minute details of even the most unimportant tasks.


 今回は伊藤和夫(2017)「英文解釈教室 新装版」(研究社)

PP. 100-101の同格構文について*1

  Dr\ Angle, noted authority on Abraham Lincoln, arrived in Tokyo February 14th.
  Few insects enjoy more fame than the glowworm, the curious little animal who celebrates the joy of life by lighting a lantern at its tail end.
  You may have heard of that lovely land called Italy, the land of golden sunshine and warm, soft air.






torment [ˈtɔːment] extreme pain, especially mental pain; a person or thing that causes this 意味
vigilant [ˈvɪdʒɪlənt] very careful to notice any signs of danger or trouble 意味
versatile [versatile] 1. (of a person) able to do many different things

2. (of food, a building, etc.) having many different uses
shenanigans [ʃɪˈnænɪɡənz] secret or dishonest activities that people find interesting and sometimes funny 意味
hectic [ˈhektɪk] very busy; full of activity 意味
oblivious [əˈblɪviəs] not aware of something 意味
hilarious [hɪˈleəriəs] extremely funny 意味
haphazard [hæpˈhæzəd] with no particular order or plan; not organized well 意味
grouchy [ˈɡraʊtʃi] easily annoyed and often complaining 意味
grubby [ˈɡrʌbi] 1. rather dirty, usually because it has not been washed or cleaned

2. unpleasant because it involves activities that are not honest or moral
fussy [ˈfʌsi] 1. too concerned about having things exactly as you want them; hard to please

2. doing something with small, quick, nervous movements

3. having too much detail or decoration
furtive [ˈfɜːtɪv] behaving in a way that shows that you want to keep something secret and do not want to be noticed 意味
forlorn [fəˈlɔːn] 1. (of a person) appearing lonely and unhappy

2. (of a place) not cared for and with no people in it

3. unlikely to succeed, come true, etc.
rundown [ˈrʌndaʊn] 1. rundown (in/of something) (British English) a reduction in the amount, size or activity of something, especially a business

2. rundown (on/of something) an explanation or a description of something
dubious [ˈdjuːbiəs] 1. [not usually before noun] dubious (about something)/(about doing something) (of a person) not certain about something and suspecting that something may be wrong; not knowing whether something is good or bad

2. (disapproving) probably not honest

3. that you cannot be sure about; that is probably not good
disdainful [dɪsˈdeɪnfl] disdainful (of somebody/something) showing the feeling that somebody/something is not good enough to deserve your respect or attention 意味
dingy [ˈdɪndʒi] dark and dirty 意味
congenital [kənˈdʒenɪtl] 1. (of a disease or medical condition) existing since or before birth

2. [only before noun] existing as part of a person’s character and not likely to change

3. [only before noun] (of a person) born with a particular illness
congenial [ənˈdʒiːniəl] 1. (of a person) pleasant to spend time with because their interests and character are similar to your own

2. congenial (to somebody) (of a place, job, etc.) pleasant because it suits your character

3. congenial (to something) (formal) suitable for something
consumptive [kənˈsʌmptɪv] 1. having consumption (= a disease of the lungs)

2. (usually disapproving) connected with the fact of using up resources
imperious [ɪmˈpɪəriəs] expecting people to obey you and treating them as if they are not as important as you 意味
imperative [ɪmˈperətɪv] 1. [not usually before noun] (formal) very important and needing immediate attention or action

2. (formal) expressing authority

3. [only before noun] (grammar) expressing an order
tripod [ˈtraɪpɒd] a support with three legs for a camera, telescope, etc. 意味
worthwhile [ˌwɜːθˈwaɪl] mportant, pleasant, interesting, etc.; worth spending time, money or effort on 意味
adroit [əˈdrɔɪt] (formal) ​clever and showing skill 意味
derelict [ˈderəlɪkt] 1. (especially of land or buildings) not used or cared for and in bad condition

2. derelict in (doing) something (especially North American English) failing completely to do your duty or perform your obligations
strenuous [ˈstrenjuəs] 1. needing great effort and energy

2. determined and showing great energy
treacherous [ˈtretʃərəs] 1. that cannot be trusted; intending to harm you

2. dangerous, especially when seeming safe
zealous [ˈzeləs] (formal) ​showing great energy and enthusiasm for something, especially because you feel strongly about it 意味
anesthetic [ˌænəsˈθetɪk] a drug that makes a person or an animal unable to feel anything, especially pain, either in the whole body or in a part of the body 意味
antiseptic [ˌæntiˈseptɪk] a substance that helps to prevent infection in wounds by killing bacteria 意味
societal [səˈsaɪətl] connected with society and the way it is organized 意味
prolific [prəˈlɪfɪk] 1. (of an artist, a writer, etc.) producing many works, etc.

2. (of plants, animals, etc.) producing a lot of fruit, flowers, young, etc.

3. able to produce enough food, etc. to keep many animals and plants alive

4. existing in large numbers
fluffy [ˈflʌfi] 1. covered in very soft fur or feathers

2. (of food) soft, light and containing air

3. looking as if it is soft and light

4. (informal, disapproving) light and not serious; having no substance, depth or power
pompous [ˈpɒmpəs] showing that you think you are more important than other people, especially by using long and formal words 意味
menial [ˈmiːniəl] (of work) not considered important; not needing special skills and often boring or badly paid 意味
mediocre [ˌmiːdiˈəʊkə(r)] not very good; of only average standard 意味
meticulous [məˈtɪkjələs] paying careful attention to every detail 意味
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